Machines capable of “reasoning” and learning can be utilized in various fields such as medicine, banking, aviation or architecture.
Development of artificial materials and investigation of their applications could revolutionize our daily habits.
Napoleon III offered his most distinguished guests an aluminium-made cutlery due to its greater exclusivity on par with gold. Of course, this was before the discovery of a way to industrialize its extraction, making it omnipresent from then on.
Nowadays we are facing a similar juncture with the creation of artificial materials which may revolutionize our world, such as graphene, a semiconductor capable of performing at nanometric scale; aerogel, the most lightweight material ever created; or nitinol, a nickel and titanium alloy with memory, capable of remembering and returning to its original shape.
Same happens with already existing, but still expensive to extract, materials such as platinum, iridium or osmium. The latter two are part of the most ambitious projects in space mining, which aspire to find these materials in asteroid operations.