Machines capable of “reasoning” and learning can be utilized in various fields such as medicine, banking, aviation or architecture.
A crucial ally for artificial intelligence, climate study, and innovative encryption methods, among other applications.
In 2019, Google announced that it had achieved quantum supremacy. That is, it had managed to carry out a process impossible for current computers. The operation carried out by the 54-qubit Sycamore processor in two hundred seconds would have taken ten thousand years if executed by a supercomputer. The New York Times compared the leap to the Wright brothers' first flight in 1903.
But what exactly is quantum computing? The main difference is that today's processors use a binary system of zeros and ones, known as bits, while a quantum computer is based on atomic states, the so-called qubits. This means that, in addition to zeros and ones, they can handle superposition states: zero, one, or both at the same time.
For now, quantum computers are restricted to the laboratory environment, but their potential is revolutionary. Here are some of the most promising applications:
- Simulations for the development of new drugs
- Improving artificial intelligence processes
- Optimization of routes and logistics
- Secure encryption
- More accurate weather forecasting
Source: The Verge