Machines capable of “reasoning” and learning can be utilized in various fields such as medicine, banking, aviation or architecture.
The 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Charpentier and Doudna for their development of the CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing technique. While nanotechnology is the ability to develop new materials and devices at atomic scales, CRISPR offers something similar in the field of genetics—the possibility of cloning, modifying, or deactivating genetic chains at will. This technique makes it possible to locate DNA fragments in a cell and change them at a relatively low cost. The acronym CRISPR stands for Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats.
- Repair of damaged genes
- Elimination of disease-transmitting mosquitoes
- Fish with higher protein content
- Recovery of extinct species
- Algae optimized for biofuel production
- Creation of anti-cancer cells
Source: New Scientist